Whether you are seeking to be a gestational carrier or you would like to grow or expand your family through surrogacy, the surrogacy process may feel like it has constantly moving parts. It is helpful to have in a list of all the steps and potential pieces of surrogacy, so that you can refer back to it from time to time. This may help participants in the process to have a sense of control, as well as to give them a framework for seeking more information from the various professionals involved.
Below is a broad outline of the potential steps involved in a gestational surrogacy:
Match between carrier and intended parent(s).
- May include background checks on all parties.
- Psychological evaluation for carrier and husband/partner.
- Psychological evaluation for intended parent(s).
Choose a fertility clinic.
- Determine whether using donated embryos.
- Determine whether using intended parents’ genetic material, or whether using donated sperm, eggs, or both.
- Work with clinic to create or obtain embryos.
- Decide what if any pre-implantation testing will be done.
Intended parents will have one attorney and carrier and her spouse or partner will have another attorney.
Determine how the carrier’s maternity expenses will be paid.
Arrange for a review of her insurance plan, if desired.
Medical evaluation and clearance of the carrier.
Prepare and sign the surrogacy contract.
Carrier to undergo medical treatment to prepare for transfer.
Enjoy the pregnancy!
Coordinate with the hospital.
- Make sure the hospital is aware of the surrogacy.
- Provide the hospital with appropriate delegations of decision-making responsibility (e.g., power of attorney, court order, etc.).
- Arrange for a separate room for intended parents, if available.
Participate in the legal process for parentage.
- Work with the attorneys, who will prepare the necessary pleadings. Each state is different.
- Appear in court if necessary. The court hearing may be pre-birth or post-birth, depending on the court.
- Obtain parentage order.
- Obtain birth certificate with intended parents listed.
Have the baby.
- Immediately enroll the child on the intended parents’ insurance plan.
- Apply for a Social Security number for the child.